Date palms were one of the first plants cultivated by man. The first written records of date palms being grown and harvested are from about 5000 years ago in ancient Mesopotamia (current day Iraq) along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Date palms were also used 6000 years ago near Ur in Southern Iraq in the construction of the temple of the moon god. Archaeological research into ancient dwelling sites of Akadians, Sumerians, and Babylonians has shown that houses of these ancient peoples were roofed with date palm trunks and fronds.
Only phoenix dactylifera - the true "date palm" produces the large edible dates that are cultivated and sold today. The female phoenix dactylifera palm yields dates that measure from 1 to 3 inches long with varying degrees of sweetness. There are hundreds of named varieties of phoenix dactylifera date palms, and one of the most famous is the large soft Medjool date palm.
Some of the date palms used in landscaping are males and some are females. The female date palms are very desirable not only for their delicious dates but also for the tropical look they give to any landscape. Both male and female date palms are very popular because of their striking appearance & natural beauty, their ancient history & religious significance, and also because of their easy maintenance. A date palm can be very impressive as a single specimen, and group plantings can be truly spectacular. The date palm can live to the age of about 200 years, and they can eventually reach heights of over 80 feet tall.
Medjool date palms like full sun and lots of water in summer. They are very drought hardy and salt tolerant, and they can survive extended periods without watering once they are established.
5 - 10m high, 5+ years to fruit
10 seeds per packet
Mature medjool date palms can withstand temperatures falling to several degrees below freezing for short periods.
For date production, medjool date palms require plenty of summer heat & sun and air with little moisture. The medjool date palms also require frequent irrigation during the hot summer months to yield a larger crop of dates.
Newly planted medjool date palm offshoots require frequent watering until they are well established.
Phoenix dactylifera date palms are dioecious, meaning that there are both male date palms and female date palms. The male date palm has flowers that produce the pollen, and the female date palm has flowers which will become dates, if they are pollinated.
The kimri stage lasts about 5 months and is basically while the dates are green. The next ripening stage is the khalal stage when the dates have grown to their maximum size and turn yellowish or reddish depending on the specific date variety. Next comes the rutab stage, when the dates begin to soften and lose their bright colors. The date becomes fully mature at the tamar stage.
10 seeds per packet