Allium ursinum, commonly called Wild Garlic, is a bulbous perennial that is native to the damp shaded woods in Europe and northern Asia. It produces small rounded bulbs on branched rhizomes.
Wild garlic is an attractive spring-flowering perennial which may be grown for ornamental, medicinal and culinary uses.Wild garlic has a long tradition of medicinal use in many different countries, with reported anti fungal, antimicrobial, antiseptic, anti inflammatory, cytotoxic, antioxidant, expectorant, vasodilatory and cardio-protective effects. It is also used as a tonic for digestion; easing colic, treating loss of appetite and curing indigestion.
The juice of the plant has been used as a general household disinfectant and insect repellent.
There are many common names for Wild Garlic, the most popular being Ramsons. Some of the others are Bear’s Garlic, Broad Leaf Garlic, Wood Garlic, Gypsy Onion, Bear’s Leek and Wild Leek.
Each year, leaves will appear in late Winter, flowers bloom in Spring, and seeds mature by mid-Summer at which point the plants die back and go dormant until the following late Winter.
The leaves, flowers and underground bulbs may be eaten raw or cooked. All parts of the Allium ursinum are edible and have a distinct garlic taste & smell, however is not as strong or pungent as common garlic. Leaves are best harvested before flowering but once in bloom the flower stalks can also be used. Harvesting of the leaves may begin approx. 3 years from seed.
Seeds can be sown in early Spring or early Autumn. Fresh are best and they germinate readily. Sow in a shady area such as under a deciduous shrub or tree, or in pots under cover. Plants prefers moist slightly acid soils but will grow elsewhere. Keep soil moist and mulch during the Summer months to help keep in moisture and prevent grass or other plants from intruding.
Once the plant is mature it can be propagated by division. Wait until late Summer when the foliage has died down. Dig up clumps and gently prise them apart. Plant bulbs in their final position making sure the root end is facing down. Water well and keep soil moist but not waterlogged. Bulbs take 3 years to develop and are very small in size. Once wild garlic is established, it can spread and potentially become invasive if left unchecked. Suitable for pots and containers.
5 seeds per packet